1779 - office of Adjutant General established, Oct. 30th “Act for Better Forming, Regulating & Conducting the Military Force of this State” (C#00210 – Acts & Resolves of the General Assembly, 1779 – 1780, Vol. 7 # 19)
1780 - 1st appointment by colonial legislature, Archibald Crary chosen Mar. 6th; re-affirmed May Session; member of staff department of governor (C#00204 – Rhode Island Colony Records, 1779 – 1781, Vol. 11, pp. 66 – 67; 84; Journal of the House of Deputies, Feb.1780)
1794 - Annual military returns mandated by “An Act to organize the Militia of this State” passed April 5, 1794 (C#0210 - Acts & Resolves of the General Assembly, 1791 - 1794, Vol. 27#162); abstract March Session, 1794, pp. 14 - 25.
There shall be an Adjutant-General appointed in each state, whose duty it shall be to distribute all orders from the commander in chief of the State to the several Corps; to attend all public reviews when the commander in chief of the state shall review the militia, or any part thereof; to obey all orders from him relative to carrying in execution and perfecting the system of military discipline established by this Act; to furnish blank forms of different returns that may be required, and to explain the principles on which they should be made; to receive from the several officers of the different Corps throughout the State, returns of the militia under their command, reporting the actual Situation of their arms, accoutrements and ammunition, their delinquencies, and every other thing which relates to the general advancement of good order and discipline; All which the several officers of the division, brigades, regiments and battalions, are hereby required to make in the usual manner, so that the said Adjutant-General may be duly furnished therewith; from all which returns, he shall make proper abstracts, and lay the same annually before the commander in chief of the state.
Scope and Contents: Official communications received from national, state & local agencies & offices, military units or individuals concerning the organization, maintenance, equipping & outfitting or application of Rhode Island military forces & personnel. Includes executive office communications forwarded, telegrams, solicitations, orders issued & received, officer commissions & resignations, requests for discharge, militia returns & reports, accounts, vouchers, etc.