As with many other of its state institutions,Rhode Island's imprisonment of criminals began as local responsibilities. Each town and county was responsible for its own carceral instituions. Among these was the Providence County Jail. Between the 1630s and the 1750s, five jails were erected in Providence. (James Garman, Detention Castles of Stone and Steel: Landscape, Labor, and the Urban Penitentiary (Knoxville: University of Tennesse Press, 2005). The Providence County Jail was established by the 1730s, a short time after Rhode Island was split intro four counties (1729).